Rural ecological restoration: On the islands of Santa Cruz, San Cristóbal and Floreana

Rural ecological restoration: On the islands of Santa Cruz, San Cristóbal and Floreana

Rural restoration: development of rural ecological restoration processes through the establishment of agroecosystems on the islands of Santa Cruz, San Cristóbal and Floreana

This project is currently Active

The humid highlands of Galapagos are the most productive regions of the islands, resulting in high development of agricultural activities. Agricultural expansion not only eliminates endemic and native flora through deforestation, but also makes these lands more vulnerable to the spread of invasive species. However, the proper management of agroecosystems can turn agriculture into an ally for the conservation of the islands. Silvopastoral agroecosystems, and agroforestry such as coffee grown under Scalesia pedunculata shade can generate services such as biological nitrogen fixation through mycorrhizal consortium that allow the improvement of soil microbiota, carbon sequestration that contributes to counteract the effects of fossil fuel use, attraction of pollinators that help with the process of fertilization of seeds of endemic plants and their subsequent dispersal; The project will also help to reduce phytopathological problems by promoting the establishment of healthy ecological niches, which will generate new protection zones for endangered species. Therefore, this project will be based on the restoration of degraded ecosystems in rural areas of agricultural use, by recovering endemic and native plants on farms in the Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, and Floreana Islands. Also promoting the role of women in agriculture, management of their farms as a source of economic income in their homes and science.

Our Research Team

Patricia Jaramillo Díaz

Principal Investigator

Patricia is an Ecuadorian researcher who came to Galapagos in 1996 to work on her PhD thesis about the “human impact on native, endemic and introduced flora on the Galapagos Islands” and since...

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Anna Calle

Investigator

Anna has always been fascinated by the biodiversity of the Galapagos Islands and the Amazon rainforest. Her desire to protect these unique ecosystems motivated her to pursue a Bachelor of Science in...

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Pavel has always admired the people behind the great scientific discoveries both in his home, the Galapagos, as well as worldwide. Further, growing up in the "Enchanted Islands" allowed him to...

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Paúl Mayorga

Project Assistant

I was born and raised in these "Enchanted Islands", which meant from a young age I was naturally immersed in the conservation of the place where I live. Growing up with relatively little technology...

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David Cardenas

Project Assistant

David has always liked to explore nature, its richness, and its importance as a source of life. His passion for protecting and conserving nature motivated him to study Environmental Biotechnology at...

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Our results

As part of the results of this project, we expect to answer the following questions: 1) Which water-saving technologies, which species, and which field designs allow greater implementation and survival of key native and endemic species for rural ecological restoration? 2) How do agroforestry systems with native and endemic species contribute to the generation of ecosystem services? 3) How can native mycorrhizae be an alternative to improve nutrient uptake, water use efficiency, and increase survival of native and endemic species in rural ecological restoration areas? 4) What actions can be taken to increase women's participation in agriculture, conservation, and ecological sustainability?

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Figure 01. Map of Floreana Island with its vegetation zones outlined. The red dots represent the study sites for rural restoration on the island.

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Figure 02. Map of San Cristobal Island with its vegetation zones outlined. The red dots represent the study sites for rural restoration on the island.

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Figura 03. Map of Santa Cruz Island with its vegetation zones outlined. The red dots represent the study sites for rural restoration on the island.

 

Keywords: Rural restoration, agroecosystems, water saving, ecological restoration, water scarcity, threatened species, Groasis, Hydrogel, Cocoon

Bibliographical References

 

The ‘Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands’, in French ‘Fondacion Charles Darwin  pour les Iles Galapagos’, Association Internationale sans but lucrative (AISBL), has its registered office at Avenue Louise 54, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Trade Registry # 0409.359.103

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